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Alcohol

Alcohol is a drug, with the technical name-ethanol.  Medically it is classified as a depressant, which slows down the Central Nervous System, especially the brain.

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Stimulants

Stimulants, also known as "uppers", refer to several groups of drugs that tend to increase alertness, elevate blood pressure and increase hart rate and respiration, as well as increase physical activity or energy.

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Dual Diagnosis

Describing Dual Diagnosis and treatment
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Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens, or psychedelics, are drugs that affect a person's perceptions, sensations, thinking, self-awareness, and emotions by disrupting normal functioning of the serotonin system. 

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Shopping

Compulsive shopping and spending is described as a pattern of chronic, repetitive purchasing that becomes difficult to stop and ultimately results in harmful consequences.

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Food

Food addiction is a disorder characterized by preoccupation with food, the availability of food and the anticipation of pleasure from the ingestion of food.

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Chronic Pain

Chronic pain generally persists for six months or more and continues after the expected cessation of the pain.  Acute pain occurs in response to a specific, time-limited medical problem.  Chronic pain tends to elicit severe depression as a result of long-term limitations and hopelessness.

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Marijuana

Marijuana is the common name for a crude drug made from the plant Cannabis Sativa.  It is often called grass, pot, or weed.  The main mind-altering ingredient in marijuana is THC, but more than 400 other chemicals are also in the plant. 

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Sedative / Hypnotics

Sedative-hypnotics are drugs that depress or slow down the body's functions.  Often these drugs are referred to as tranquilizers and sleeping pills or sometimes just as sedatives.

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Opiates

Opiates are powerful drugs derived from the poppy plant that have been used for centuries to relieve pain.

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Sex

Sexual addiction can be understood by comparing it to other types of addiction.  Those suffering from a chemical addiction find they need drugs to feel normal.

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Gambling

Gambling can be defined as betting something of value when the outcome is uncertain.  Gambling occurs in many forms, most commonly are: lotteries, casinos (slot machines, table games), bookmaking (sports books and horse books), card rooms, bingo, and pari-mutuels (horse and dog tracks, off-track-betting, Jai Alai).

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Inhalants

Inhalants are breathable chemicals that produce psychoactive (mind-altering) vapors.  People do not usually think of inhalants as drugs because most of them were never meant to be used that way.

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Internet

Internet addiction is described as an impulse control disorder, which does not involve use of an intoxicating drug and is very similar to pathological gambling. 

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Nicotine

Nicotine is an addictive substance found in all tobacco products.  In addition to being addictive, it is poisonous.

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Video Games

Video game addiction is described as an impulse control disorder, which does not involve use of an intoxicating drug and is very similar to pathological gambling.

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Intervention

An intervention is the action taken by family, friends, employer and/or concerned others to actively assist someone to change unacceptable behavior. The problem areas that an intervention typically addresses are addiction to alcohol and/or other drugs, nicotine, food, the Internet, sex, spending/shopping, and gambling; the need for nursing home or medical care; domestic violence issues; and chronic pain with addiction.
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Related Resources

Related resources here